The construction laws in Costa Rica are liberal
Every community has its own construction laws.
The coast area is an exception. The state law (Ley De Construcciones) and the construction housing – and settlement institute (INVU) regulate permits.
Every building project must be submitted with the responsible community through a licensed architect or construction engineer. For the planning and transaction, a local architect is imperative. Although it is possible to use the plans or ideas of a foreign architect, a local architect must make the construction plans.
With the writing of the construction contract, some aspects are important to be taken: In any case the contracts should establish unequivocally who would be responsible for the purchase of the necessary authorizations. The rates frequently run up to 15 percent of the project costs.
Rates of professional works of architects
|Type of work||costs in % from the value of work|
|Construction plans with technical details||4,0|
|Global costs estimate||0,5|
|Detailed costs estimate||1,0|
|Inspection of the works||0,5|
|Cost part in %||11,5|
|Cost part in %||7,0|
Planning and construction time
At the construction of an one-family house, a time period must be estimated by at least eleven months of planning before the key transfer.
|Construction as well as planning||in duration of weeks|
|Pre planning and development||6|
|Entire planning – and build time||48|
The authorization procedure has two parts. At first, the building plans are approved by the central commission of construction authorizations. This has its seat in the INVU’s housing office. After the receipt of the build authorization, the building plans must be submitted with the local planning authority of the respective community. When the community gives green light, the construction should begun within six months. There is no temporal limitation for the build time.
The following overview delivers final prices without costs for properties, outside works, green areas etc.
Average construction costs
|Building type||costs per m² in U.S. dollar|
|One-family house one or two floors||450 – 500|
|Apartments, three or multi floors||500 – 600|
|Office buildings||350 – 400|
|Factories||180 – 200|
Construction of bigger properties
If a bigger property should be apportioned into small lots, an opening plan must be produced. The opening is subject to a multiplicity of editions and needs a much time and patience. From the planning beginning as far as to the concession of the construction authorization, you should expect a period of eight to twelve months. Mostly inexpensive properties are insufficiently opened up; they frequently are badly accessible and have neither drinking water nor electricity. At such properties the following additional opening costs should be expected.
|Works costs||in U.S. dollar|
|Water wells, 30m deep, drill authorization, pump etc.||5.000|
|High voltage management with posts and transformers||20.000 per kilometer|
|Country road, 5m broad, with gravel fortifies||40.000 per kilometer|